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The Palestine Police during the British Mandate

Section 1
Palestine-pre-1920
Section 2
1920-1923
Section 3
1923-1927
Section 4
1927-1929
Section 5
1930-1936
Section 6
1936-1937
Section 7
1937-1939
Section 8
1939-1943
Section 9
1943-1945
Section 10
1945-1946
Section 11
Jan-May 1947
Section 12
May-Nov 1947
Section 13
Dec 1947-April 1948
Section 14
Evacuation 1948
Stand Down
July 1948

Section 1

Introduction

i Introduction

ii. Situation Prior to August 1914

iii. WW1 Protecting the Suez Canal

iv. WW1 Promise 1

v. WW1 Promise 2

vi WW1 Promise 3

vii. WW1 The Conquest of Palestine

viii. O.E.T.A.

viii. O.E.T.A.

ix. 1919 Paris Peace Conference

x. Nebi Mussa Riots

xi. The Heroification of Trumpeldor

xii. St Remo Conference

Policing British Palestine

Palestine 1947 Side-affects and paradoxes were the major factors that shaped Britain's administration of Palestine.

The initial phase between 1917 and 1920, known as the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration(OETA, was an incidental side affect of the Allies middle-eastern military campaigns of WW1.

The mandate system was a paradox. In creating the system,members of the post-war 1918 Paris Peace Conference intended to curb the expansion of British and French colonialism and yet the Mandate for Palestine was run from Britain's Colonial Office and Palesine's official flag was the Union Jack.

The Palestine Police Force was created when civil administration replaced military administration in 1920 but, for much of its history, the British section of the Palestine police received army training and for the most part, when things got out of hand had the backing of the British air force, army and navy.

British stated policy was to integrate the multi-cultural and multi-ethnic elements of the population of the Ottoman Empire's Southern Syria, i.e. the province of Jerusalem, the province of Gaza, half the province of Beirut and half the province of Damascus into a single independent Palestinian nation. Over the years, however, the policy of a unified Palestine changed to a covert one of 'divide and rule', beginning accidentally with the creation of Jewish settlement police and then, towards the end of the mandate, deliberately with the introduction of zoning.

Contrasted with the long history of the Middle East, the twenty-eight year existence of British Palestine Policing may appear insignificant, but taken in conjunction with the events of the First world War, they have had a profound effect on the current situation in the middle east.

Since some knowledge of Palestine history from 1914-1920 is needed to understand the problems the Palestine Police Force faced, the first section starts just before WW1 breaks out. The other sections focus on the the Mandate Era when bitterness between Arabs and Jews reached crisis point.

Next- - Situation Prior to August 1914

P.S. For an article explaining more fully the relations between Arabs and Jews in Palestine during the Mandate period this author would recommend the online article: 'Gaza: How We Got Here ... The Deep Cause of War' by Professor William R. Polk